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The Traditional Chinese Medicine Industry of Chongqing Seeking a Breakthrough to Overcome its Three Weak Points

08-26-2005

On the fifth of this month, the Propelling Work Meeting on the One Million Yuan Project of High-Quality Chinese Medicinal Materials was held. According to the experts at the meeting, there are three major weak points that confine the industrial development of Chinese medicinal materials in Chongqing.
First, the leading enterprises are of little influence. At present, seventeen out of the twenty-four leading Chinese medicine enterprises can only produce the simple primary products, with a small producing scale. What's more, they have no beneficial relation systems with the farmers and lack a systematical industrial management. Secondly, the growing bases are scattered. Now in Chongqing, an area of 700,000 mu Chinese medicinal materials belongs to many sporadic bases among which few are in a large range and under extensive management. Thirdly, there exists no standardized operation. Till today in Chongqing, only a few plants have been in standardized operation, such as the rhizome of Chinese goldthread. Most of the farmers still adhere to the traditional growing methods and neglect the standard growing specifications and skills, and are motivated by the short-term profit. As a result, there is a serious over-residue of the pesticide and some heavy metals.
For the above reasons, the industrial development of Chinese medicinal materials in Chongqing has a long way to go before reaching the competitive requirements of the home or foreign markets. Last year Chongqing's export of Chinese medicine is just 33 million yuan.
In the experts' opinion at the meeting, Chongqing is rich in medicine materials from the history, and it has the geographical and climatic advantages for the growth of Chinese medicines of wide varieties and ranges. It is true that the rhizome of Chinese goldthread and the sweet wormwood of Chongqing have an overwhelming prominence in the whole country, amounting respectively to 80 percent and 70 percent of the domestic total output. The experts believe that Chongqing's medicine industries have great potentiality, and will certainly become nationally famous once the three weak points are overcome.
An officer from Chongqing Municipal Agriculture Commission said that Chongqing would seek for a breakthrough concerning the three weak points in the coming several years. First, they are to shrink the growing bases, to concentrate on the advantageous Changjiang Valley and Wujiang Valley, and to make emphatic efforts for the construction of about ten high-quality medicine bases within two or three years. Secondly, to make use of the chance that industries are absent in the Three Gorges areas and the opportunity of the one-to-one help policy, more governmental efforts shall be made to help and strengthen the leading enterprises so as to make them the real "engine" of the medicine industry. Thirdly, the mode of "leading enterprises plus the cooperatives (or professional associations) plus the farmers" shall be popularized to build beneficial relations with the farmers and to improve the industrial management. Last, the standard specifications for technological varieties of medicinal materials shall be worked out as quickly as possible. In all, every possible means should be assorted to make this industry larger and stronger.

   

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