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Agriculture and Rural Economy: Achievements of Three Score Years

Chongqing’s agriculture and rural economy have made amazing achievements in three score years along with China’s successive reforms in agriculture and rural economy. This includes 1) a dramatic improvement in agricultural productivity, the transformation from traditional to modern modes of production, and increasingly reinforced support capabilities of agriculture for the whole national economy, 2) breakthrough in rural economic and social development and the transformation of the rural areas’ image from backwardness and desertedness into the symbol of future and prosperity, 3) the continuous growth of the income and consumption of rural residents and the transformation of rural living conditions from impoverishment into well-being. In particular,

1.   The Rural Population, Rural Areas and Agriculture (RRA) policies of the central government, which well respond to the true demand and requirements, enabled the development in the rural areas and of agriculture: the reform in land ownership drove the improvement of agricultural productivity while the reform in rural fiscal and tax regimes, the policies subsiding planting and farming activities benefited and motivated the farmers; the reform in trading of agricultural produces propelled the development of rural economy while the reform in migrant workers and the pilot reform of integrated urban and rural development enabled the grand growth of the rural areas and making of a well-off rural society.

2.   Continuously increasing input in RRA enabled the remarkable improvement in agricultural and rural infrastructure: rural infrastructures for water resources, transport and telecommunications have been continuously improved while the successively increasing direct investment in agriculture backs the development of modern agriculture; abundant supply of production materials and guaranteed electric power supply facilitated the remarkable improvement in production and living conditions in the rural area while upgraded mechanization of agricultural production drove the development of mass production and in productivity.

3. Steadily increasing of agricultural output ensured sufficient supply and the improvement in the quality of major agricultural produces: the unit output of cereals have been multiplied to ensure the balance between supply and demand at large while the supply of meats and fishery products is more diversified and the quality is higher. The overwhelming development of cash crops well diversified the supply while the supply and demand of produces are no longer subject to plan but market driven.

4. Rural economy maintained continuous growth while the industrial composition is being optimized: the reforms focusing on “Household-based Contracting System have been furthered and the productivity in rural areas have been largely improved; the emergence of mass production in agriculture made a breakthrough in the mode of production in rural areas; the emergence of township owned enterprises facilitated the prosperity of the second and tertiary industries in the rural areas; the industrial composition in the rural areas is being optimized.

5.   Continuously increasing income of the rural residents and diversified entertainment facilities substantially improved the living conditions of the rural population: the continuously increase of the income of rural population, mainly cash and work-pay based, backed the improvement of living conditions which involved updated consumption portfolio and quality of consumer products.

   

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