Nearly 60 Strategic Positioning Points or Projects to Drive Development of Chongqing
The National Development and Reform Commission recently released the 13th Five-Year Plan for Western China Development (the Plan for short), which consists of nearly 60 major strategic positioning points or projects concerning Chongqing and covers nine aspects including strategic positioning, innovative development and eco-civilization construction. “It is the focus for Chongqing’s implementation of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016–2020), and also an important task and opportunity for Chongqing to enhance its capability of sustainable development and make overall plans for promoting coordinated development of new urbanization, new industrialization, informatization, and agricultural modernization,” a person in charge from Chongqing Development and Reform Commission told Chongqing Daily in an exclusive interview recently, and he also interpreted the Plan in detail.
Keyword: Strategic Positioning
Providing important strategic support for the development and opening-up of western China
The Plan sets out that Chongqing should be built into a city providing important strategic support for the development and opening-up of western China.
According to the interviewee, the Plan requires to build an overall framework of western China development featuring “five horizontal axes, two vertical axes and one loop”. The five horizontal axes consist of the west section of Europe-Asia Transport Passageway, west section of Beijing-Tibet Passageway, west section of Yangtze River-Sichuan-Tibet Passageway, west section of Shanghai-Kunming Passageway, and west section of Zhujiang River-Xijiang River Passageway; the two vertical axes comprise Baotou-Kunming Passageway and Hohhot-Nanning Passageway; the loop refers to key areas along the passageways. In this framework, Chongqing is positioned as the hub of the west section of Yangtze River-Sichuan-Tibet Passageway and Hohhot-Nanning Passageway.
Keyword: Innovative Development
Supporting Chongqing to build national independent innovation demonstration zones
The Plan sets out that supports should be provided for Chongqing to build national independent innovation demonstration zones and create an innovation demonstration center.
“In the future, Bishan District and Chongqing Liangjiang New Area will take major measures in innovation,” the interviewee noted. According to the Plan, efforts should be made to promote Bishan District to realize the commercialization of agricultural sci-tech results by relying on Chongqing Bishan National Agriculture Science Park and support the Liangjiang New Area to carry out pilot projects like construction of big data industry technology innovation experiment zones.
Keyword: Eco-civilization Construction
Advancing the construction of national eco-civilization pilot demonstration areas in an orderly way
The Plan sets out that the construction of national eco-civilization pilot areas in Chongqing should be carried forward in an orderly manner.
The interviewee introduced, “Chongqing boasts rich content for the construction of national eco-civilization pilot areas.” The Plan requires that supports should be provided for vigorously developing ecological economy in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region and promoting Chongqing to carry out pilot projects for overall protection and development of the Jialing River basin; strengthening water environment protection for the main stem of the Yangtze River, as well as the Wujiang River and the Jialing River and their tributaries; accelerating the construction of green ecological corridors; protecting the eco-environment of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region; building solid ecological barriers along the upper reaches of Yangtze River; enhancing control and management on water loss and soil erosion in major areas such as the Qinba mountain region, the Wuling Mountain region under stony desertification and the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. The interviewee pointed out, “These are all important contents for Chongqing to build national eco-civilization pilot demonstration areas.”
Keyword: Inland Opening-up Center
Drawing on and promoting the experience in constructing the Chongqing-Xinjiang-Europe Railway
Carrying out unified planning and construction of China-Europe rail brands
The Plan proposes to speed up the development of functional areas such as the Chongqing International Logistics Port; push forward the construction of Chongqing Yanjiang Industrial Transfer Demonstration Zone in an orderly way; promote the construction of China-Singapore (Chongqing) Demonstration Initiative on Strategic Connectivity; draw on and promote the experience in constructing the Chongqing-Xinjiang-Europe Railway; carry out unified planning and construction of China-Europe rail brands, passageways, routes and hubs; accelerate implementation of innovative development pilot projects of service trade in the Liangjiang New Area.
The interviewee introduced, “Chongqing will see new development opportunities in the convention and exhibition economy.” The Plan puts forward that Chongqing should fully utilize the effects of existing national forums, conventions and exhibitions like China Chongqing International Investment and Global Sourcing Fair (CCISF), optimize the current structure of the forums, conventions and exhibitions, and build featured forum and exhibition brands.
Keyword: Coordinated Development of All Regions
Advancing the construction of Chongqing-Guizhou cooperation pilot areas in Qijiang District, Wansheng District and Zunyi City
“There will be more highlights in regional cooperation,” said the interviewee. The Plan proposes to encourage and bolster Chongqing to strengthen economic cooperation with major cities in western China such as Chengdu, Xi’an, Guiyang and Kunming, and explore cooperation mechanism. In addition, the construction of Chongqing-Guizhou cooperation pilot areas in Qijiang District, Wansheng District and Zunyi City will be promoted.
Keyword: Infrastructure Construction
Building railway riverside passageways and southwest seaward passageways
The interviewee remarked, “Chongqing will carry out a number of major projects in relation to infrastructure construction, which will benefit economic and social development of the city.” The infrastructure construction put forward in the Plan involves multiple projects regarding major railways, airport construction layout, water transport passageways and ports, water conservancy, and energy infrastructure.
The construction of major railway projects include building riverside passageways, southwest seaward passageways, and north-south passageways in the west, namely construction of the Zhengzhou-Wanzhou High-speed Railway that forms a new riverside high-speed railway passageway; capacity expansion of Chongqing-Huaihua Railway (southwest seaward passageway); implementation of railway projects including Chongqing-Guiyang Railway and Lanzhou-Chongqing Railway.
The airport construction involves the layout of airports in southwest China that the construction of the terminal areas and the third runway of Chongqing Airport are to be completed; research on and construction of the fourth runway of Chongqing Airport will be carried out; Wushan Shennüfeng Airport and Wulong Xiannüshan Airport are to be completed.
The construction of water transport passageways and ports include waterway construction in the upper reaches of Yangtze River. The work comprises regulation on the Yibin-Chongqing section and Fuling-Chaotianmen-Jiulongpo section, improvement of tributary channels in the Three Gorge Reservoir Region and its tail, enhancement of construction of high-grade waterways in tributaries of the Jialing River and the Wujiang River as well as building of important regional channels in the Qujiang River and the Fujiang River, construction of inland ports, and promotion of development of the Port of Chongqing as a large-scale and intensive port.
Major water conservancy projects refer to key water supply projects. Chongqing will accelerate the progress of Chongqing Guanjingkou Reservoir water resources project under construction; promote the commencement of water resources projects including Chongqing Zaodu Reservoir project; quicken implementation of preliminary work of projects like Chongqing Tiaodeng Reservoir; advance major water diversion projects, namely to speed up preliminary work of a number of projects such as the West Chongqing Water Resource Allocation Project; carry forward key river harnessing projects, namely to build up a system in the upper reaches of Yangtze River for flood control.
The energy infrastructure construction refers to construction of the third Sichuan-Chongqing Passageway and Bijie-Chongqing Power Transmission Channel.
Keyword: Strategic Emerging Industry
Developing biomass liquid fuel conversion technologies
Building a shale gas equipment manufacturing base
The interviewee revealed, “The Plan requires Chongqing to focus on the development of strategic emerging industries.” The strategic emerging industries to be focused on put forward in the Plan include the following seven aspects:
As for new energy industry, Chongqing will build a wind power generating equipment base and a PV products R&D and manufacturing base; develop above 2.5 MW wind turbines, solar PV cells and biomass liquid fuel conversion technologies; establish a shale gas production base, shale gas equipment manufacturing base, and oilfield service base. As to new energy vehicles, Chongqing will build a new energy and smart auto base. In terms of the energy conservation and environmental protection industry, Chongqing will found an environmental protection and safety outfit manufacturing base. As for the new generation information technology, Chongqing will build an electronic information industry base; as for bio-pharmaceuticals, Chongqing will establish a biopharmaceutical industry base; as for the new material industry, Chongqing will found a new chemical material base producing Al-Mg-Li alloys, high strength automotive steel, grapheme and polyurethane; as for the high-end equipment industry, Chongqing will set up bases for rail transit, intelligent manufacturing, instrumetation, and aviation industry, as well as a hi-tech shipbuilding industry base.
Keyword: New Urbanization
Seven towns included into the list of 100 characteristic small towns in China
The Plan sets out that in accordance with the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative and development of Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Chongqing should develop and grow Chengdu-Chongqing urban agglomeration and build up a major engine for economic growth in west China; actively carry out pilot projects of national new urbanization and comprehensive reform in small- and medium-size cities. In addition, Chongqing should cultivate and develop a batch of characteristic small towns by relying on neighboring key cities, characteristic superior resources and logistics and trade channels.
According to the interviewee, seven towns in Chongqing have been listed into 100 characteristic small towns of China, including Xiannüshan Town, Wulong County (tourism- and recreation-oriented town), Siping Town, Jiangjin District (healthcare-oriented town), Cuntan Street, Jiangbei District (trade logistics-oriented street), Huxi Street, Shapingba District (scientific education-oriented street), Baidi Town, Fengjie County (culture and folkore-based town), Xipeng Town, Jiulongpo District (special manufacturing-oriented town), and Jiaoshi Town, Fuling District (energy and mineral resources-based town).
Keyword: Major Projects and Programs
Including Chongqing-Kunming High-speed Railway, Chongqing-Hunan Railway, and Chongqing-Xi’an High-speed Railway
On the premise of full implementation of relevant preliminary work, nine programs and projects with certain foundation that will bring huge influence on Chongqing’s economic and social development can be given with priority in being reserved as major programs and projects for the 13th Five-Year Plan.
According to the interviewee, candidate programs and projects that might be selected as reserved major programs and projects include Chongqing-Kunming High-speed Railway, Chongqing-Hunan High-speed Railway (Chongqing Section), Chongqing-Xi’an High-speed Railway (Chongqing Section), Ankang-Zhangjiajie Railway, Enshi-Qianjiang-Bijie-Zhaotong Railway, Fengdu Liziwan Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric Power Plant, Chongqing Skyrizon Aviation Power Industry Base, a R&D and manufacturing base of Al-Si touch panel electronic substrates and Al-Si special functional materials, and Chongqing Huafon’s new material integration project with an annual output of 100,000 tons of polyurethane resins. Facilitated by these projects, Chongqing will further enhance internal and external contacts and obtain a new driving force for developing the new industrialization.