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Demographic

06-12-2007

 

I. Population
In September 1996, approved by CPC Central Commission and State Council, Sichuan Province entrusted Chongqing to administer Wanxian City, Fuling City and Qianjiang Area of Sichuan Province. At the end of 1996, total population of Chongqing registered was 30,227,700. On March 14, 1997, the decision relating to approval of Chongqing as a municipality was passed on 5th Session of 8th National People’s Congress. In the end of 1997, total population of Chongqing registered was 30,429,200.
By the end of 2009, total population of Chongqing registered was 32,756,100 including resident population of 28,590,000. In 2009, birth rate reduced to 9.90‰ compared to initial 13.60‰; rate of population natural growth reduced to 3.70‰ from 6.24‰. Total birth rate of women of childbearing age was maintained at 1.5, lower than replacement level, making a historical change of type of population reproduction from the stage of stabilizing low birth rate into the stage featured with low birth rate of solving population problems from an integrated view.


II. Distribution
(I) Age composition
In 2009, among the resident population of the city, there were 5,449,300 population from 0 - 14 years old, accounting for 19.06%, 19,887,200 population from 15 - 64 years old, accounting for 69.56%, and 3,255,300 population over 65 years old, accounting for 11.38%.

(II) Gender composition
In 2009, among the resident population of the city, there were 14,457,500 male population, accounting for 50.57% and 14,132,500 female population, accounting for 49.43%. The gender ratio (taking female population as 100, the male to female proportion) was 102.3.
 
(III) Urban and rural population
In 2009, among the resident population of the city, there were 14,749,200 urban population, accounting for 51.59% and 13,840,800 rural population, accounting for 48.41%.

(IV) Urbanization
In 2009, among the resident population of the city, urbanization rate was 51.59%. Where, the rate was 60.30% within one-hour economic circle, 9.90% in the east and south wings of Chongqing and 29.80% in the east and north wings of Chongqing.
   

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